The recorded state of something at a specific point in time.

Source: ITIL

The root node of an Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) benchmark document; may also be the root node of an XCCDF results document (the results of evaluating the XCCDF benchmark document).

 Source: NIST

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
benchmark (noun)
a mark on a permanent object indicating elevation and serving as a reference in topographic surveys and tidal observations
a) a point of reference from which measurements may be made
b) something that serves as a standard by which others may be measured or judged
c) a standardized problem or test that serves as a basis for evaluation or comparison (as of computer system performance)
benchmark (verb)
transitive verb
to study (as a competitor's product or business practices) in order to improve the performance of one's own company
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
benchmark (noun)
something set up as an example against which others of the same type are compared
bar, barometer, benchmark, criterion, gold standard, grade, mark, measure, metric, par, touchstone, yardstick
case, example, instance; average, norm, rule; acme, apex, meridian, peak, pinnacle, summit, zenith
aberration, abnormality, deviation
Benchmark is a standard or point of reference against which things may be compared or assessed. It is a measure of performance used as a point of comparison for evaluating the quality of a product or service.